Korean Word War

In recent weeks, the world held its breath. Tensions between North Korea and the United States reached a climax. The threat of war hovers over the world, a war which could destroy the post-1990’s world order; world peace now hangs in the balance. Nobody can accurately predict what would be the cause of a nuclear war nowadays, or how many people would die. One thing is sure; nuclear weapons possess a genocidal character – they can wipe out whole nations.

The international community can undertake temporary measures such as economic and political sanctions. However, it will not solve the problem rather postpone them. We also need to be aware that with threats carried through social media such as Twitter, we cannot achieve peace in the Korean peninsula, let alone promote fraternity between nations in the region.

The role of the United Nations is crucial here. Many times in the history, the intergovernmental organisation has prevented conflicts by ensuring dialogue between feuding sites. These actions are carried out in impartial manners helped save our planet in the Cold War era. The pivotal question is how we, the international community, want to resolve the Korean conflict from now onwards.

Even if the international community cannot maintain a united front towards the North Korea today, we can agree, that if in 50 years the peninsula is clear from the nuclear weapon, it will be the best for the global peace and the future of our children.

A united Korea should also be the UN everlasting target to be achieved. We have an example of a successful reintegration of the two German states, East Germany and Wester Germany. Obviously, it the current circumstances, 70 years after the partition, the plan sounds almost absurd. However, a confederation or federation of two Korean states shall we take as granted. Every form of integration of the two Korean states will reduce the tension and prevent war. The integration needs to be based on shared understanding and trust. Instead of menacing the leader of North Korea, we need to talk to him.

First of all, a 4+2+1 group needs to be established; a formal working group of China, Japan, Russia, the United States (4), Korean states (2) and under the auspices of the United Nations (1).  The UN could organise this high-level dialogue under its patronage. Only through dialogue, we can solve problems, a monologue conducted in Twitter is going nowhere. The United Nations could successfully mediate the conflict, provide programs which focus on integration and prepare a ‘’Roadmap Korea2050’’. The integration can be provided on a small scale at the beginning. The United Nations can promote openness of Korea giving China as an example. The leaders of the North Korea must be assured nobody will attack them if they respect the terms of an agreement.

The united Korea regardless the political form will require a withdrawal of American troops from South Korea. A deal of resigning of the nuclear weapon against the withdrawal of American soldiers sounds very far from today’s reality.  Yet it is not impossible; we do not know who will be the next resident of the White House. North Korea must change, and the process can be achieved through integration at regional and international level. We need to speak with the North Korea and seek to understand their points of view. If China could transform remarkably over the last 27 years since the beginning of the Open Door Policy, North Korea may follow suit. Korea2050 a confederal state consisted of two countries – north and south with separate armies (100,000 soldiers each), budgets but with a common parliament with an equal number of seats for both regions. With no nuclear weapon and no foreign troops. I believe it can happen.


Integration for Ukraine

Ukraine is divided into many dimensions. One part of the country seceded and joined Russian Federation (with its strong support); and two separatist regions declared independence (not recognised by anyone, even Russia). Ukraine is divided by languages – half of the population speaks Russian, half Ukrainian on a daily basis. Even if the spread of Russian language is decreasing (also due to the detachment of Crimea and Donbas region), the language plays a significant role in the country. There are still places in Ukraine, although Continue reading Integration for Ukraine

A political or economic union for the EU?

Brexit has shaken our confidence in the European Union; the talks about the reforms are on the top of Juncker’s, Schulz’s and Tusk’s agendas. In which direction should the European project move? Due to the ghost of Brexit, the reform process is a race against the clock. If the UK performs better in the long run (it is always easier to solve problems in small countries, let alone international organisations) and Europe Continue reading A political or economic union for the EU?

Could EU army threaten NATO?

The new European Army announced by J-C Juncker last year is a project which has generated lots of debate. The project being still only under discussions will be beyond doubt very to implement. The key issue is a potential relationship between European Army and NATO. The European Army should be a new structure, which regroups some units of the EU Member States. Continue reading Could EU army threaten NATO?

Forum Mondial pour Alimentation et l’Agriculture

On peut dénicher les racines du Forum Mondial pour Alimentation et l’Agriculture dans les années quatre-vingts quand les organisateurs de l’IGW se sont décidés d’arranger l’Internationale Forum de Politique Agricole de l’Association de Agriculteurs allemands[1]. Le cycle de conférence avait eu lieu la première fois en 1981. Néanmoins, les sujets de discussions concernaient plutôt les aspects internationaux, mais seulement en rapport avec l’agriculture de l’autre côté du Rhin, telles que, par exemple, les facilités d’exportation de produits agroalimentaires.

Après la réunification en 1990, les objectifs de la politique allemande Continue reading Forum Mondial pour Alimentation et l’Agriculture

Every day is a Human Rights Day


In September 2016 I became a lecturer at the Royal University of Law and Economics in Phnom Penh where I now teach International Human Rights Law. This new extracurricular activity gives me the opportunity to share my knowledge with Cambodian students, to learn new things and to do something extra besides my work duties. I teach the young generation of Cambodians; a generation who, one day, will shape the future of this nation. Let me share with you my reflection on Education. Continue reading Every day is a Human Rights Day

Reforming the EU after Brexit

The EU currently has to confront new challenges that require greater effort. The Brexit is the biggest crisis in the recent European history of integration. The European Union has simply lost its face. We cannot anymore say that the EU is the greatest integration project in the humanity if there is a country which wants to leave this paradise. The big players in the world like China might treat the European Union less seriously. I am pointing at China because the United States never threatened the EU as an equal partner and the awareness of the importance of the EU has been very low in the US. Continue reading Reforming the EU after Brexit