A political or economic union for the EU?

Brexit has shaken our confidence in the European Union; the talks about the reforms are on the top of Juncker’s, Schulz’s and Tusk’s agendas. In which direction should the European project move? Due to the ghost of Brexit, the reform process is a race against the clock. If the UK performs better in the long run (it is always easier to solve problems in small countries, let alone international organisations) and Europe stays with its old problems by identifying ways forwards, one cannot be sure that the European project will survive the XXI century. It’s hard to imagine for many of us, but I remember during my studies in 2007 when a professor of law mentioned the possibility of Brexit. Nobody from the class believed him, among them me.

First of all, the EU needs to have a vision. What is the purpose of the European Union? What goals are to be achieved in the distance future, let say in 50 years? Do the politicians want to transform the EU into the United States of Europe, or rather retreat to the economic union?

The EU needs to reject all these half-measures, which are by their very nature insufficient. The EU cannot be half United States of Europe anymore (what it is for the time being and hence it generates many problems). In this scenario, Europe remains week inside and outside of the continent. The current project cannot solve internal problems, such as euro and external such as immigration. Furthermore, Europe is not an equal partner for the great powers of the 21 century.

The EU, as well as its Members States, need to admit, that the post-Maastricht political integration process was a mistake. Maastricht was a result of French (and British) fears over German reunification. The countries strived to this treaty (which started the EU current political integration) hoping that politically integrated it will be easier to overcome German hegemony in Europe. The leading child of the treaty has been the European currency – euro. However, the EU had not integrated economically enough the old continent. Besides, the 2004 adhesion of mostly the post communistic countries (except Malta and Cyprus) added fuel to the fire.  Most of them were in the economic and political transition. Neither the new states nor the old 15 club was ready for such enlargement. For many years the politicians wrongly believed that more countries could also meld the power of one nation (see Germany). It was an entirely wrong assumption.

There are two ways to overcome the post-Brexit challenges. Either the EU decides to go into deeper political integration with the objective to create the United States of Europe or return to the purely economic union. For the first scenario, it should be remembered that the process of integration of the USA lasted for more than a century (from 1776 to 1914). In that period the USA integrated new territories mainly with the use of economic tools. Oddly enough, the US suffered even a civil war in the middle of the 19 century. Thus, the political union is not something that can be achieved in ten or twenty years.

My suggestion is to go to the political union by the economic integration. The EU looks in Bulgaria and Nederland like chalk and cheese. However, in 30 years the EU can integrate the territories to a greater extent. The EU needs, however, one thing- a common language. After Brexit, the English language will remain a language not associated with any European countries (the official language in Ireland is Irish) will not bias any state.  The English language is also widely spoken among a young generation of the European (which one day will shape the future of the continent). Furthermore, English is the language of all relevant international organisations.

The EU shall put all its forces to create a European dialect of English, apart from American English and British English. For that, the EU needs resources to distribute at the European level. With two, three decades the EU can make European English a second language for everybody in Europe.

Could EU army threaten NATO?

The new European Army announced by J-C Juncker last year is a project which has generated lots of debate. The project being still only under discussions will be beyond doubt very to implement. The key issue is a potential relationship between European Army and NATO. The European Army should be a new structure, which regroups some units of the EU Member States. Continue reading Could EU army threaten NATO?

Reforming the EU after Brexit

The EU currently has to confront new challenges that require greater effort. The Brexit is the biggest crisis in the recent European history of integration. The European Union has simply lost its face. We cannot anymore say that the EU is the greatest integration project in the humanity if there is a country which wants to leave this paradise. The big players in the world like China might treat the European Union less seriously. I am pointing at China because the United States never threatened the EU as an equal partner and the awareness of the importance of the EU has been very low in the US. Continue reading Reforming the EU after Brexit

The European Union in a changing global environment

In the 21st century, Europe must strengthen its voice in other regions of the world. Our task is a commitment to democracy, human rights and prosperity in the neighbourhood and wider world. Europe can only face the challenge by acting together, improving deeper political integration and finally by developing synergy between internal and external policies. Nevertheless, how far has the European Union become a strategic actor in the global arena? We observe, there is a big demand for more European engagement across the world. The answer to the EU’s role in international relations lies in Continue reading The European Union in a changing global environment

Transatlantic relations and Russia – is “no business as usual” policy enough in the long-term?

The political relations between the Western world and Russia have radically changed in the last twenty-five years. It is a good time to sum up these relations and try to make predictions for the future. The essential question is, how should the West deal with Russia? Is the country predictable for us in the long-term? Continue reading Transatlantic relations and Russia – is “no business as usual” policy enough in the long-term?

We the citizens of the United Nations

Thousands of people from the Middle East and other war-torn countries are seeking a safer and better life haven across Europe. They are seeking a future free of dictatorship, fear and terror, what every single person around the world deserves.

We have in mind the dreadful pictures from the Mediterranean Sea, on the Greek islands or Hungarian border. That reminds us, there are two worlds existing next to each other — the world that it is and the world as it should be. Continue reading We the citizens of the United Nations

La bataille dernière pour sauver le rêve de l’Europe solidaire

À la veille de la fête nationale en France, nos représentants en Europe ont signé l’accord avec la Grèce. Un compromis difficile pour tous et son écho sera entendu encore longtemps. L’accord est le résultat non seulement de longues de négociation entre la Grèce et ses créanciers, mais aussi d’un grand jeu diplomatique entre les intéressées.  Cet accord n’a pas un caractère win-win (gagnant-gagnant), plutôt lost-lost (perdant-perdant). Personne n’a gagné et l’Europe a essentiellement perdu. Continue reading La bataille dernière pour sauver le rêve de l’Europe solidaire