Chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear Defense

The prevention of Chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear  risks (CBRN) is evolving within NATO. Originally, NBC stands for a nuclear, biological or chemical weapon. With the rise of terrorism, the term “radiological” was added to refer to the release of radioactive contaminants, including a radiological bomb or dirty bomb (different from a nuclear bomb). Continue reading Chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear Defense


Measures to Combat International Terrorism

Terrorism is not a phenomenon of the 21th century; it has long been a method of violent action by individuals and organizations alike attempting to achieve their political goals. Since the September 11 attacks on the Twin Towers however, terrorism has inherently changed into a new form which involves different actors, underlying motivations and actions. The death of Osama Bin Laden diminished the power of Al Qaeda, raising hopes that the war on terror was nearing its end. Continue reading Measures to Combat International Terrorism

Situation of human rights in Myanmar

The process of consolidating democracy and creating a culture of human rights continues to be complex in Myanmar. There is still a significant lack of understanding about the democratic society and its active role in the life of the country. It undermines respect for human rights and the rule of law, democratic institutions and sustainable development. Continue reading Situation of human rights in Myanmar

Right to development

The UN Charter constitutes a normative framework of the right to development. The members of the United Nations are obliged to promote higher standards of living, full employment, and conditions of economic and social progress and development. This commitment has gained wider currency in the 1960s also due to decolonization processes happened around the world. As a consequence, Doudou Thiam, then-Foreign Minister of Senegal, first mentioned the term “right to development” in 1966 speaking before the General Assembly of the UN. Continue reading Right to development

Situation of human rights in the Central African Republic

The security situation has recently deteriorated in Central African Republic. Territorial clashes between armed groups have been reported in most of the provinces. It includes attacks against MINUSCA peacekeepers. No progress has been made in implementing the disagreement, demobilisation and repatriation. The Armed Forces of Central African Republic does not control the security situation. The EU supports the development of the CAR Armed Forces by providing training, accreditation and certification. The CAR requested to lift the arms embargo in order to provide the army with necessary equipment. Continue reading Situation of human rights in the Central African Republic

Situation of human rights defenders

The term human rights defender refers to individuals or groups that strive to protect and promote human rights in a peaceful manner. They play a critical role in fostering corporate respect for human rights, including civil, political, social and economic rights. The activity of human rights defender leads to achieve sustainable development by promoting gender equality, protecting environment and combating corruptions worldwide. Continue reading Situation of human rights defenders

Hybrid threats to the European Union

Hybrid threats are a form of warfare that consists in the usage of cyber-attacks, espionage, propaganda, energy politics, stirring ethnic tensions, the use of proxy forces and other irregular warfare, coupled with the use of conventional military forces.